Written by: Dr Talha Sharadgah
The term “learning styles” refers to the idea that all students can be classified according to their style of learning. Technically, individuals differ in how they receive knowledge, comprehend and retain information. Scientists and psychologists have introduced a number of theories to understand how people learn best. One widespread theory is the VAK model, which identifies three styles of learners: visual, auditory, and kinesthetic. Each learning style reacts propitiously to a different teaching method.
Visual learning style
As the name suggests, the visual learning style is the style that relies on the use of visual stimuli to facilitate the learning experience and interact with the learning environment. A learner with a visual style of learning prefers teaching methods that rely on the use of visual educational material such as diagrams, charts, maps and videos.
How to Recognize Visual Learners
Visual learners prefer to sit in the classroom in places where they can see the teacher clearly. They are interested in bright colors and enjoy activities that involve visual presentations. They retain more knowledge from the use of images, maps, shapes, drawings and illustrations during the lessons. They often prefer to see someone else doing a task before they try to do it themselves.
Auditory learning style
This learning style involves the use of audio stimuli to expedite the learning experience and interact with the learning environment. The learner with an auditory learning style prefers the style that relies on the use of audiovisual materials, verbal instructions, direct explanation, lectures, working in small groups, engaging in discussions, interacting with others through role playing activities and solving problems by talking about them.
How to recognize Auditory Learners
Auditory learners often remember a great deal of the information that they hear. They enjoy class discussions and learn well from lectures. They benefit from reading out texts loud, rather than silently. Auditory learners understand well when the teacher explains something to the class, rather than follow written directions.
Kinesthetic learning style
Kinesthetic is a learning style that takes place through the use of hands and body to understand the learning experience and interact with the learning environment. A learner with a kinesthetic style prefers learning based on physical activities, rather than listening to a lecture, reading from a book or watching illustrations. A kinesthetic learner absorbs information best by doing, touching, moving experiencing or being physically active in some way.
How to Recognize Kinesthetic Learners
Kinesthetic learners do not like sitting for long periods of time listening or reading. They prefer to actively move around and experiment with new things. They enjoy lessons that include practical activities. They retain knowledge by using tools, building models and manipulating things.